or Antoine, son of Jan JANSEN, b.abt.1582 Haarlem, Holland.
He was born in Fez but brought up Salee, Morocco, Africa
Immigrated before 1633 to New Amsterdam. In 1639 he was banished for being slanderous and troublesome persons. He was granted on petition of the Director General (Governor) 100 morgans (about 200 acres) on the west end of Long Island near the present sites of New Utrecht and Gravesend.
Came to New Amsterdam and bought land about 1630, on what now is lower Manhatten of New York City, NY. Perhaps due to an ego brought on by his background, or a natural aversion to
friendship, he was widely known as a very disagreeable fellow. He was considered a prosperous farmer but as a result of his hostile disposition was eventually banned from New Amsterdam. He
eventually moved to Gravesend, Long Island but continued to deal in New Amsterdam real estate for the rest of his life.
Being the son an admiral in the fleet of the Sultan of Morocco and since the Dutch built ships for the Sultan, the Dutch Court of New Amsterdam went out of the way to defer to the Admirals
son until both he and his wife became intolerabley arrogant and insulting to both the Court and his neighbors. "A Hollander; from Salee, a seaport in Africa to new Amsterdam; patentee and pioneer, Gravesend and New Utrecht; his home called "Turks Plantation"
Anthony had secured a bouwery (farm) near Fort Amsterdam by 1638 he had been in New Amsterdam between one and four years. The farm was called Wallenstein and occupied the area from Broadway to the East River between Ann Street and Maiden Lane. He sold this farm to Barent Dircksen on May 7, 1639. In August of 1639 Governor Kieft had "given and granted to Anthony jansen of Salee 100 morgens (200 acres) of land lying on the bay of the North river upon Long Island opposite Coney Island, stretching along the shore..." This property was between what would become Gravesend and New Utrecht, NY. On May 24, 1643 he bought additional a lot and house in New Amsterdam, it was described as the third lot facing the East River on the westerly side of the present Bridge Street. In February 1660 he sold his Gravesend plantation as a result of an Indian uprising, to Nicholas Stilwell in a deal he would soon regret. On February 9, 1662 he petitioned the courts to be released from the sale on the ground that it was sold to cheap. He was not to win the case but the property continued to be referred to as the Turks Plantation for years to come. Anthony had received property from Stilwell as part of the original deal and also acquired more land on the western part of Coney Island. He continued to live on this property till about 1669 when upon the death of his first wife and second marriage he moved back to New Amsterdam and moved into the property on Bridge Street, which he had owned there for years and remained in residence there till his death in 1676. At this time he conveyed to his son-in-law, Ferdinandus Janse van Sicklen the property on Long Island. Anthony converted his Bridge Street house into an Inn which he and his second wife operated in their elderly years. Although his real estate was no longer extensive Anthony was listed among the wealthy men to be assessed in the 1674 tax list of New Amsterdam. In his later years Anthony was at times "summoned because of his being an aged and worthy man esteemed for his knowledge of the old boundaries of land on Long Island. " Anthony was described as a "man of prodigious strength" and as "a man of great vigor." The mother of Anthony is not known for certain.
Anthony and Abraham van Salee were the ancestors of the Vanderbilts, the Whitneys, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis and Humphrey Bogart. They were among the earliest arrivals to 17th century New Amsterdam. In a number of documents dating back to this period, they are both described as "mulatto". From what scholars have been able to piece together about their background, they appear to have been the sons of a Dutch seafarer by the name of Jan Jansen who had "turned Turk" and become an admiral in the Moroccan navy. With the Port of Salee as the base from which it harried European shipping, references to the fleet he commanded are salted away in the old English sea shanties that are still sung about the Salee Rovers. The mother of his two sons was probably a concubine he had while trading in this part of the world before his conversion to Islam.
As a result of the anti-social behaviour of his white wife, Anthony van Salee was induced to leave the city precincts of lower Manhattan and move across the river, thus becoming the first settler of Brooklyn. Since Coney Island abutted his property, it was, until sometime in the last century, also referred to as "Turks Island"; the word, "Turk", being a designation of his which the records used interchangeably with, "mulatto". According to the documentation that people like Professor Leo Hershkowitz of Queens University have sifted through, it would seem that Anthony van Salee never converted to Christianity. His Koran, in fact, was in a descendants possession until about fifty years ago when, ignorant of its relevance to his familys history, he offered it for sale at auction.
The Van Salee history also includes a more contemporary black collateral branch in the U.S. Anthonys brother Abraham fathered an illegitimate son with an unknown black woman. The son became the progenitor of this side of the family. Although having to face constraints that their "white" cousins could at best only imagine, two of these van Salees nevertheless left their mark in the annals of African American history.
Dr.John van Salee De Grasse, born in 1825, was the first of his race to be formally educated as a doctor. A member of the Medical Society of Massachusetts, he also served as surgeon to the celebrated 54th Regiment during the Civil War. His sister, Serena, married George Downing who was not only an enormously successful black restauranteur both in New York City and in Newport, RI, but a man who used his wealth and connections with the East Coasts most powerful white families to effect social change for his people. Because of his organization and his own contribution to the purchase of Truro Park in Newport, one of the streets bordering it still bears his name. Interestingly enough, this genealogy was done as part of an ongoing study of the Ramopo in Tappan, NY, one of those red, white and black groups sociologists and ethnographers are now working on and which in academese are referred to as "tri racial isolates". It is because of what advantages their Indian heritage (no matter how discernably negroid they were) legally and officially provided them that the opportunity for "passing" in these groups was not only a more ambiguous political or moral decision but, comparatively, a more easily documentable one as well.
Considering how important a role John Hammond of Columbia Records played in the establishment of the black music industry, it would certainly be worth exploring the possible influence his van Salee ancestry might have had on his career. Back then, there would have been no option possible for publicly declaring himself black according to the "one drop" racial code that was the law in most states until the Johnson administration. With a Vanderbilt for a mother, his iconographical value to the white majority was so important that had he dared to tamper with it, the KKK or some such group would most probably have made him pay the ultimate price for having desecrated his and the prestige of his relatives who had, after all, fairly well succeeded in making themselves the equivalent of this countrys royal family. Hammond died a few years ago but since his son, following in his fathers footsteps, has become a recognized exponent of R&B his could prove to be a very important interview for us.
Jackie Kennedy Onassis
Either Professor Hershkowitz, or Tim Beard, former head of the Genealogical Department of the New York Public Library related this incident regarding van Salee genealogy. At the time the Kennedy administration began implementing its civil rights agenda, the New York Genealogical and Historical Society approached Mrs. Kennedy hoping to discuss the opportunity her African ancestry, through the Van Salees, could have in possibly assisting her husband to realize his social goals regarding race relations. Mrs. Kennedy insisted on referring to the van Salees as Jewish, and the New York Genealogical Society did not push the subject further.
Humphry Bogart and Ruth Gordon in a scene from the 1927 film "Saturdays Children." He is a Van Salee descendent and she is a Pendarvis descendent. A few years later, another descendant attempted to pass off the racial description of the van Salles in the official records as nothing more than malicious humor.
[Researched and Written by Mario de Valdes y Cocom, an historian of the African diaspora.]
In Apl. 1639 he and his wife were banished from New Amsterdam in consequence of their being slanderous and troublesome persons. He, however, appears to have managed to remain in the town until Aug. 3, 1639, when on petition he was granted by the Director-Gen. or Gov. Kieft 100 morgens on the W. end of L.I., lying within the present bounds of New Utrecht and Gravesend., to which he removed, and for which the patent was dated May 27, 1643. Feb. 9, 1660, he sold his patent to Nicholas Stillwell for 1600 gl. and the fee of planation-lot No. 29 in Gd, with the buildings and improvements thereon, which plantation-lot Anthony sold Dec. 1669 to Fernandus Van Sickelen, his son-in-law. After this he appears to have removed back to New Amsterdam, where he died.
The father of Eva, wife of Ferdinandus, was Antony Jansen, known as Antony Jansen van Salee and sometimes as Antony Jansen van Fez, from his having lived for sometime in Morocco at the cities of Salee and Fez. He was said to be a freebooter and pirate and settled in Morocco where he became a Turk and turned to the Mohammeden religion. He was said to have come from Salee or Fez, Africa, to New Amsterdam, N.Y. about 1633 where he lived until 1639 at which time he and his wife Grietje Reiniers were banished from there in consequence of their being slanderous and troublesome persons. In 1634 he was granted land where Bensonhurst, Long Island now stands. He sold this in 1660 and moved to New Amsterdam where he died in 1676. He was called "The Turk" and his property was referred to as "The Turks Plantation". He made his mark "A1" to documents.
Leo Hershkowitz, “The Troublesome Turk”: An Illustration of the Judicial Process in New Amsterdam, The Quarterly Journal of the New York Historical Association, Vol. XLVI, No. 4, October 1965.
Dau. of Johannes RIENIERS, b.1576 Haarlem, Netherlands and Jannetje ---, b.1580 Netherlands
1.+Annica JANSEN, b.abt.1632,
2.+Sara JANSEN, b.abt.1635,
3.+Cornelia JANSEN, b.abt.1637,
4.+Eva Antonis JANSEN, b.1641 Haarlem, Noord Holland,
[“William Adriaense Bennet” p.140:]
"Eva, born 1641, d/o Anthony and Grietje (Reiniers) Jansen who were banished from NA [New Amsterdam] in 1639 due to their being slanderous and troublesome persons. However, Gov. Kieft granted a patent of 100 morgens of land at NU/GRND [New Utrecht/Gravesend] on 3 August 1639 to Anthony, to which he and Grietje removed."
Married 15 Dec.1629 to Grielje Reyniers Egberts. Antony Jansen Van Salee was the son of a Dutch buccaneer, Jan Jansen (born in Amsterdam in the late 1500s) and a Moroccan mother. Antony was born in the port of Fez but lived in Sale before he immigrated to New Amsterdam in 1630. This tall, dark, and muscular rogue, who was wild and forceful, was known as "The Turk" or as the "Troublesome Turk" in some historical documents. He married Grietje Reiners (Reyniers) a bar maid from Amsterdam who arrived in New Amsterdam in 1633 on the Southberg. History paints them as an extremely colorful couple with questionable reputations. They were involved in many petty slander suits. However, their four daughters were quite respectable and married into prominent families.
NYGBR: New York Genealogical and Biographical Record 42:443 Pedegrees: